Marijuana Addiction: Signs, Effects & Rehab Treatment

In one study, those who had marijuana dependence had fewer positive emotions, higher stress levels, and increased irritability. The increased potency of modern marijuana strains means that there is a greater risk for tolerance, dependence, addiction, and withdrawal. Most early research into marijuana addiction suggested that marijuana use rarely produced tolerance and withdrawal. However, the marijuana that is available today is more potent than the marijuana of the 1960s, containing higher levels of the active ingredient delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is the psychoactive component in weed. Accurate diagnosis of mental health disorders and appropriate treatment, including medication, may help to reduce attempts to self-medicate with marijuana.

Scientific American maintains a strict policy of editorial independence in reporting developments in science to our readers. Match with a licensed therapist and get convenient care from anywhere. Use of medicinal cannabis began in America in the 1850s, when products with cannabis extracts were produced and sold to treat maladies such as pain and muscle spasm. Soon after, pharmaceutical regulations were introduced in some states. Products containing habit-forming substances such as cannabis were often labeled as poisons and, in some cases, were available only with a physician’s prescription.

Marijuana Dependence Is Increasing Among VA Patients, Particularly Those with Psychiatric Conditions

In other words, whatever wisdom may be obtained through experience with cannabis needs to be brought into the sober world and used to guide daily life, not simply repeatedly revisited when stoned. Earlier this year, VA published new clinical guidance recommending against marijuana to treat veterans with PTSD. VA cited the lack of scientifically rigorous research as well as evidence that shows medical marijuana impairs memory, IQ, attention and driving ability,» in addition to being linked with psychosis and other adverse psychiatric outcomes, as its reasons against its use. Medical legalization accounted for 5% of the overall increase in cannabis use disorders in those states while recreational legalization accounted for about 10%, according to the research. When broken down by major mental health diagnoses, those with bipolar and psychotic spectrum disorders had nearly double the rates of the diagnoses than those with anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder or depression. And its timing should also help researchers to understand the long-term effect of high-potency THC products, because many of the participants are likely to end up trying these.

Commonly Used Drugs Charts – National Institute on Drug Abuse

Commonly Used Drugs Charts.

Posted: Tue, 19 Sep 2023 07:00:00 GMT [source]

MET is based on motivational interviewing and helps to increase changes in behavior by giving nonjudgmental feedback and helping people set goals. When someone you love is abusing marijuana or addicted to it, there are often signs and symptoms to look for. Knowing what these are can help you approach your loved one in a caring way. If you smoke pot regularly, it can lead to coughing, wheezing, phlegm, and a higher risk of respiratory infections. Your airways may be more sensitive, which could cause problems when your doctor puts in or takes out your breathing tube. Along with having trouble breathing, you might feel like you’re having an asthma attack or have less oxygen in your lungs.

Can You Overdose on Marijuana?

In light of the legalization of marijuana, many people have wondered about the substance, its safety, and whether it’s addictive. Marijuana—also called weed, cannabis, and other names—is a species of plant that is used as a medical and recreational drug. Some researchers have created workarounds to study cannabis on the streets. Bryan and others in Colorado have fashioned several vans into mobile laboratories, marijuana addiction which they call canna-vans, to allow them to test the blood of cannabis users before and after they take the drug. Whereas use hasn’t exploded in people under 21, there are concerns about the types of product being sold. Increasingly, what is available at dispensaries — at least outside Uruguay — has much higher concentrations of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the main active ingredient in cannabis.

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